Civil litigation – this legal term details the court process of resolving civil disputes between private individuals or local corporate bodies. In other words, it details the work by lawyers (called “litigators”) in court on litigation lawsuits, initiated with the purpose to settle disputes. It is the opposite of criminal proceedings, because sanction of the Criminal Law is not pursued, but usually only a financial result or concrete performance. The civil litigation includes also any pre-trial proceedings, where applicable. An example of civil litigation is tort claim, or claim for refund.