Remission – within the meaning, given by the Criminal Law in some legal systems, remission is a government decision to allow a person who has been convicted of a crime, to be released and absolved of that conviction, as if never have been convicted. Namely this person to be legally allowed to obtain by the court their clear certificate for lack of convictions. Remission is typically used to remove a criminal record against a good citizen for a small crime that may have been committed during adolescence or during their youth. Although procedures vary from one country to another, the request for a pardon usually involves a long term of proper behavior and a reference investigation. Generally speaking, the more serious the crime, the longer the time requirement for excellent behavior. In the USA, the power to pardon for federal offenses belongs to the President. Synonyms are the terms “release”, “amnesty” and “vindication”.
In practice, the word “remission” participates also in the legal term “Remission of estate”, which has got application within the sphere of Inheritance Law in some legal systems. There this term details the act of transferring the estate left by a testator, which remission is done by an ancillary proxy, towards a proxy at the domicile of the testator.