Science of law – in the legal theory, this term is a synonym of “jurisprudence”. Usually, statutes detail the blank rules of law, with only rare reference to particular situations in practice. The science of law interprets in details the theoretical construction of the legal theory. This is done in order to allow its implementation in the statutes that represent the local legislation. In the court procedures, the actual application of these statutes to the facts within a legal dispute (a lawsuit, for example) has been left to the consideration of the judges or the court jury. They have to compare the applicable act of legislation with the circumstances brought to their attention by the parties.
In practice, this procedure exists within the Common Law legal system, known as “case law”.
See also “strong arm of law”