Arraign – this term finds application in the area of Criminal Law. To arraign means to prosecute. In other words – to bring judicial proceedings against a person and to administer them. To support the conviction until the conclusion of the court proceedings. This is applicable for physical individuals only, not possible for corporate bodies. Corporate entities are not subjects of the Criminal Law as they have no soul. A prosecutor does the prosecution. He convicts the suspected – charges him with a crime. This happens in cases where there is enough evidence for the guilt and takes him/her to court. He has prosecutorial discretion. And he can decide to conduct or not, to propose the type and length of sentence. Also to make proposals to the defense attorneys, etc. On the other hand, the convicted person may hire a criminal attorney to administer the prosecution of criminal charges in the courts.
Synonyms are “accuse” and “prosecute”.